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What Are Hydrocarbons? Teacher Sheet

What Are Hydrocarbons? Teacher Sheet

Introduction

Students should use the resources on the What are Hydrocarbons? student esheet to help them answer the questions on their student sheet. Here are the answers to the questions.


What is Organic Chemistry?
Organic Chemistry: An Introduction
What does the term "organic" mean to chemists?
It means carbon-based.

What is an organic compound?
It is any compound whose molecules contain carbon atoms.

How is the term "organic" used among farmers and food stores today?
It is used to define something that is natural, instead of human-made or synthetic.

Why are carbon-based compounds lumped together as a separate subject within the study of chemistry?
Carbon-based compounds behave differently from compounds based on other elements.

Is carbon a metal or a nonmetal?
It is a nonmetal.

Carbon's atomic number is six. What does that tell us about any carbon atom?
It has six protons in its nucleus and six electrons.

What is carbon's electron shell configuration?
It is 1s22s22p2.

How many valence electrons does carbon have?
It has four.

Will carbon as an atom interact with other atoms to form ionic or covalent bonds?
It will interact to form covalent bonds.

In order to fill its outer shell, how many bonds will carbon make?
It will make four bonds.

What are hydrocarbons?
They are compounds of carbon and hydrogen only.

Are hydrocarbons organic or inorganic molecules? Why?
Hydrocarbons are organic molecules because they are composed of carbon atoms.

Why can carbon form so many different types of compounds?
The carbon atom is one of the few that will combine with itself. That means it can form long chains and rings onto which other atoms can be attached.

This teacher sheet is a part of the Chemistry of Petroleum 1: What Are Hydrocarbons? lesson.

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