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Types of Honeybees in a Hive Teacher Sheet

Types of Honeybees in a Hive Teacher Sheet

Introduction

The Hive Detectives describes three types of adult honeybees. The table on this sheet outlines the features of each of these adult honeybee types.


 

Type

Gender

Role in the colony

3 Features/Characteristics

Drone

Male

Mate with the queen

  • Larger than the workers
  • Rounded abdomens
  • Huge compound eyes
  • Must be fed by worker bees
  • Powerful wings
  • No stingers
  • Develop from unfertilized eggs in a process called parthenogenesis.

Worker

Female

Perform almost every job in the colony, including those whose work is housekeeping, nursing, making honey, repairing the hive, or guarding the hive, and field bees who collect and bring nectar back to the hive.

  • Smallest of the three adult types
  • Long proboscis for extracting nectar from flowers
  • Pollen baskets on back legs
  • Stinger
  • Can only sting once
  • Poison gland at the tip of abdomen
  • Communicate about good foraging sites to other field bees through a waggle dance
  • Strong odor detectors

Queen

Female

Lay eggs

  • Largest of the honey bees
  • Longer abdomen
  • Shiny thorax
  • No pollen baskets on hind legs
  • Stinger to fight off other queens
  • Can sting multiple times
  • Develop in specialized queen cells
  • When first queen emerges, she marks other queen cells for destruction by the colony

 

This teacher sheet is a part of the The Hive Detectives lesson.

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