You will summarize your observations on genes and race by answering the seven questions on this sheet. Use knowledge from the resources on the Race and Genes student esheet to help you answer these questions.
1. What is a biological phenotype? Give an example from plants or animals of two different phenotypes of the same species.
2. Are phenotypes the result of biology or a category made up by cultural groups?
3. Are racial categories the result of biology, or are they groupings made up by cultural groups?
4. The Central Dogma of modern biology begins with: "DNA makes...." Complete the central dogma statement. Explain in your own words what it means.
5. What does the phrase "gene expression" mean?
6. Explain the evolutionary advantage of pigmented skin for people living in equatorial regions, such as Africa.
7. Explain how twin girls can have the same biological parents, but look like they are from different parts of the world. In your answer, be sure to use these four terms: phenotype, gene expression, evolution, and survival advantage.