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Plant Identification

Plant Identification

Introduction

Use your Plant Identification student esheet to go to the plant identification and classification video. Answer these questions:


What structures can be observed to identify a plant?

 

 

From which of these structures can a plant be most easily identified?

 

 

What are the three types of leaf arrangement?

 

 

What useful resources and equipment can be used to help you more accurately identify a plant (e.g., books, tools, etc.)?

 

 

Plant Identification Activity

Now you are going to have the opportunity to do field work and practice identifying local plants. You should use a regional field guide to complete this portion of the activity. Follow these steps when identifying 10-15 plants:

  1. Find a plant specimen of your choice, or as specified by your teacher, to identify.
  2. Observe the main structures of the plant.
  3. Try to identify the plant by its fruits or flowers (if not present, continue to step 5). Note the flower’s color, shape, size, and inflorescence type.
  4. Match your observations of the flowers to the descriptions of the flowers provided in your regional field guide. Observe flower color, inflorescence type, and size.
  5. Observe the leaf arrangement, shape, and size. Recall the difference between simple and compound leaves and opposite, alternate and whorled leaf arrangement.
  6. Draw or photograph each specimen. Be detailed in your drawings and try to include distinct characteristics for each specimen.
  7. Record your observations in the Plant Identification table.
  8. After filling out the table, determine the scientific name for each specimen.

Table:  Plant Identification

Specimen
Number

Flower Color

Flower Cluster Type

Flower Size
(length/width cm)

Leaf Arrangement

Leaf Shape

Leaf Size (length/width cm)

Common Name

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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