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Novice Drivers Teacher Sheet

Novice Drivers Teacher Sheet

Introduction

Students should use the Graduated Licensing: A Bluebrint for North America student sheet to help them fill out the first table of their Novice Drivers student sheet. They should use the Young Driver Licensing Systems in the U.S. resource to help them fill out the second table. This teacher sheet provides you with some possible results of their research.


Components of graduated licensing programs

What are the benefits of this feature?

What are the costs?

Persons over age 18 are exempted from most U.S. graduated licensing programs.

  • Persons 18 and over, who have a lower crash risk relative to persons younger, can be more quickly licensed.
  •  Persons over age 18 lose the protection of the graduated licensing system. Though they tend to be more mature than younger drivers, their inexperience does place them at greater risk of accidents compared to experienced drivers.

Some states have starting ages younger than 16.

  • Younger start age allows more time for supervised driving before continuing to the intermediate stage.
  • It may encourage young people to drive unsupervised, and may result in more 16 year-olds being licensed at an earlier age.

Some states require a minimum amount of practice during the learner’s phase.

  • This facilitates the goal of the learner’s stage.
  • It protects against the possibility that beginners will stay off the roads to avoid crashes or traffic violations that may delay graduation to the next stage.
  • Research shows that supervised driving is a relatively safe activity.
 
  • Novice drivers must give up some freedom and independence.
  • This imposes some inconvenience on the parents and other adults who must supervise.

Some states restrict nighttime driving for new drivers.

  • Crash risk, which is higher at night especially for young beginners, is reduced.
  • High-risk recreational driving is reduced.
  • There are exemptions for essential driving (i.e., to work or religious service and with supervision), so the inconvenience on young drivers is limited.
  • Novice drivers must give up some freedom and independence.

Some states restrict new drivers from having teenage passengers. 

 

  • Reduces crash risk.
  • There are exemptions for teenage family members as passengers, and for driving with supervision, so the inconvenience on young drivers is limited.
  • Novice drivers must give up some freedom and independence.

Some states require an exit test before receiving a full license.

 

  • The test can motivate beginners to develop their skills and weed out drivers who have not practiced enough to become proficient.

 

  • This can be an inconvenience to young people.
  • There are added costs (for the test-taker and for the state which administers the test).

Some states require driver education.

  • Driver education can be a superior way to learn basic driving skills.
  • In some Canadian provinces, new drivers can earn a “time discount,” allowing them to graduate sooner.
 
  • Driver ed has not been shown to reduce crashes, so on that count there may be no added value.
  • “Time discounts” have been found to be counterproductive (they enable novice drivers to drive unsupervised and unrestricted).

Some states penalize drivers who violate the graduated licensing rules.

  • Poor drivers must get more practice before they graduate from the system.
  • The threat of penalty is strong motivation for safe driving.
  • Self-enforcing systems are simpler and less costly.

 


Licensing Requirements

Optimal provisions

as recommended by IIHS

Your state’s provisions

Name of state: __________________

Optimal provisions compared to your state’s provisions

Minimum age to obtain learner permit

 

 

16

Teacher: use the IIHS resource to complete this column and the column at right 

____ Same

____ More restrictive

____ Less restrictive

Mandatory holding period (length of time between obtaining a learner permit and applying for an intermediate license)

6 months

 

____ Same

____ More restrictive

____ Less restrictive

Minimum amount of supervised driving

 

 

30 – 50 hours

 

____ Same

____ More restrictive

____ Less restrictive

Minimum entry age for intermediate license

 

16, 6 months

 

____ Same

____ More restrictive

____ Less restrictive

Prohibition on unsupervised driving

 

 

9/10 pm – 5 am

 

____ Same

____ More restrictive

____ Less restrictive

Restriction on passengers

 

 

No more than one teenage passenger

 

____ Same

____ More restrictive

____ Less restrictive

Minimum age at which nighttime restriction may be lifted

 

Until age 18

 

____ Same

____ More restrictive

____ Less restrictive

Minimum age at which passenger restriction may be lifted

 

17

 

____ Same

____ More restrictive

____ Less restrictive

Other

 

 

Some states have restrictions on cell phone use, and states vary in their driver education requirement; IIHS does not make recommendations on either feature in this document.

 

This teacher sheet is a part of the Novice Drivers lesson.

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