What do students already know about teen drinking? Is the information they have correct? These true/false questions will help you find out.
Alcohol affects every system in the body.
True. Consuming too much alcohol affects the brain and causes unclear thinking, poor coordination, and slurred speech. It affects the eyes and causes blurred vision by affecting the metabolism of glucose in the brain. Alcohol can affect the heart by causing an irregular heartbeat and high blood pressure. Drinking too much alcohol over a period of years also can cause damage to the liver, stomach, pancreas, or kidneys. It can cause blood vessels to widen, resulting in headaches. Finally, alcohol abuse can cause systemic muscle weakness.
Alcohol only affects the body in the short term.
False. Over time, alcohol abuse can cause even greater damage to other body systems, resulting in permanent liver damage and damage to the frontal lobes of the brain.
Alcohol affects teens the same way it affects adults.
False. Alcohol has a less sedating effect on teens than it does on adults. As a result, teens may be more likely to drive under the influence, which can lead to car accidents. Teens also show signs of reduced function in the hippocampus, the part of the brain critical for forming new memories. As a result, young drinkers score lower on standardized tests than non-drinkers.
Alcohol is a stimulant, meaning that it accelerates the workings of the body's key functions.
False. Alcohol is a depressant. It slows the body's key functions, including breathing, heartbeat, and thinking.
Alcohol abuse can cause problems just as marijuana and other drugs can.
True. Like marijuana, alcohol is a drug, and it affects all body systems over the short and long term.
A 12-ounce can of beer, a five-ounce glass of wine, and a standard mixed drink (1.5 ounces of hard liquor) all contain the same amount of alcohol.
Coffee or a shower helps people become sober faster.
False. It takes over one hour for a standard drink of alcohol [beer, wine, or liquor] to work its way out of the bloodstream.
Teens who drink are more likely to be victims of violent crimes and be involved in alcohol-related traffic accidents.
True, in part because of the impaired judgment and coordination that results from alcohol use.
Alcohol use is not common among teens.
False. According to one national survey, one in four eighth graders reports drinking alcohol within the past month and 18% of eighth graders have gotten drunk at least once in the past year.