This lesson takes a look at social trade-offs in the context of graduated driver licensing programs. These are defined as systems for phasing in on-road driving: allowing beginners to get their initial experience under conditions that involve lower risk and introducing them in stages to more complex driving situations.
Here are some important research findings about teenage drivers.
[Source: U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System, as reported by
the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety/Highway Loss Data Institute in “Fatality Facts 2004:
Many states have adopted graduated licensing programs as a means of reducing the risks to
young drivers. Graduated programs have three phases: a learner period, an interim license with
restrictions, and an unrestricted license. The main features of these graduated licensing programs
Evidence suggests that these programs are effective at reducing the risk to young drivers:
[Source: “Graduated Driver Licensing Programs and Fatal Crashes of 16-Year-Old Drivers: A
National Evaluation,” (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/118/1/56) from Pediatrics,
Vol. 118 No. 1 by Li-Hui Chen, MS, PhD, Susan P. Baker, MPH and Guohua Li, MD, DrPH.]