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Good Food, Good Health Teacher Sheet

Good Food, Good Health Teacher Sheet By Peggy Greb, U.S. Department of Agriculture [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Introduction

Do your students think a lot about what they eat each day? Do they know how many fruits and vegetables they should eat? Ask your students the questions on this sheet to find out.


5 A Day Facts

How many fruits and vegetables should kids eat each day? 
They should eat 5 servings of fruits and vegetables each day.

Name some reasons why it's important to eat five or more fruits and vegetables each day. 
Some reasons include: eating 5 or more fruits and vegetables each day plays an important role in preventing heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, stroke and birth defects; fruits and vegetables can also increase energy and assist in weight loss; as a bonus, fruits and vegetables are tasty, convenient, easy and quick to prepare.

Instead of fruits and vegetables, what is a big snack food for kids?
French fries is the big snack food. One-quarter of all vegetables eaten by elementary students are French fries.

What is the average fruit and vegetable serving for 6- to 12-year-olds?
It is 2.4.

What are some of the troubling findings of this study?
Answers may vary. Encourage students to explain their answers.

Eat the Five Food Group Way

How many servings of meat/poultry/fish should kids have in a day? 
They should have two servings a day.

How many servings of dairy products should kids have in a day?
They should have three servings a day.)

How many servings of breads/grains should kids have in a day?
They should have five to six servings.)

Nutrition Sleuth

What foods are good sources of calcium? How does calcium help keep everything working well?
Some foods that containt calcium are nonfat milk, yogurt, and cheese. Calcium helps keep your bones strong.

What foods are good sources of iron? What happens if you don't get enough iron?
Foods like grains and meats are good sources of iron. If you don't get enough iron you can feel sluggish and possibly develop anemia.

Why is water so important for our bodies?
It helps our bodies stay cool and get rid of wastes.

What foods are good sources of vitamin C? Why is it important to make sure we include vitamin C in our diets?
Both fruits and vegetables are good sources of vitamin C. It's important because vitamin C helps wounds and broken bones heal. It also helps your body resist colds and infections.

What food is an important source of vitamin A? How does vitamin A help keep everything working well?
Dark yellow, orange, and green vegetables are good sources of vitamin A. This nutrient helps your eyes adapt to darkness so you can see at night.

What is an important nonfood source of vitamin D?
The sun is an important nonfood source of vitamin D.

Why is vitamin D important for helping to prevent osteoporosis?
It's important because it helps your body and calcium and phosphorous into your bones and teeth to keep them strong.

Where can you find folate? Why is folate important for helping to keep everything working well?
You can find folate in leafy green vegetables and enriched grains. It's important because it helps your body make new cells, especially red blood cells.

This teacher sheet is a part of the Nutrition 2: Good Food, Good Health lesson.

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