In this lesson, you will analyze and interpret data related to the crew and passengers of the Titanic to better understand the people who were lost or saved as a result of the disaster, and whether or not social status affected the outcome.
1. Write down some of the numerical data that you encounter. For example, the introduction states that the "British luxury passenger liner that sank on April 14–15, 1912, during its maiden voyage, en route to New York City from Southampton, England, killing about 1,500 passengers and ship personnel."
2. Write down the names of passengers or crewmembers described in the article, noting their social class and experiences while on board.
3. Write down some questions that you have about people on the Titanic.
You will need to develop your own search strategies to find the answers to some of these questions. If you can't answer a question, write down the strategies that you used to try to find the answer.
1. Record the total number of passengers in each class.
2. How many passengers were from the United States? How many crewmembers were from the United States?
3. Record the number of passengers lost in each class. Does there seem to be a relationship between number lost and social class?
4. How many of the people lost were crewmembers?
5. How many of the people lost were passengers?
6. How did you come up with the answers to questions 5 and 6?
7. Using the numbers that you came up with for questions 5 and 6, find the ratio of lost crew to lost passengers.
8. How many women were part of the crew? What were some of their duties?
9. Write a question that you would like to answer by using the databases (e.g., What fraction of the male crewmembers were between the ages of 16 and 18?). Provide the answer and describe the search strategy you used to find it. This should be challenging – try to stump your classmates!
Note: Read all of the questions before starting, and create a way to systematically record the information (e.g., table or spreadsheet).
1. What is your lifeboat number or letter?
2. How many people were on your lifeboat?
3. What were their names and ages?
4. What were their occupations?
5. What is the average age of the people on your lifeboat?
6. What is the ratio of men to women on your lifeboat?
7. Were there any family members on your lifeboat? Who were they?
8. What is the ratio of crew to passengers on your lifeboat?
9. In what class did the majority of the passengers on your lifeboat travel?
10. What else did you discover about the people on your lifeboat?