Knowledge of genetics is opening whole new fields of health care. In diagnosis, mapping of genetic instructions in cells makes it possible to detect defective genes that may lead to poor health. In treatment, substances from genetically engineered organisms may reduce the cost and side effects of replacing missing body chemicals.
Learning Goal 5
Knowledge of molecular structure and interactions aids in synthesizing new drugs and predicting their effects.
Learning Goal 7
Biotechnology has contributed to health improvement in many ways, but its cost and application have led to a variety of controversial social and ethical issues.