What Do Scientists Do?

What Do Scientists Do?


Biologist, physicist, chemist, and astronomer. All are scientists, though they explore different parts of the natural world. In spite of the differences, all scientists go about answering questions in similar ways, as you will see in this lesson.


 Read these interviews with scientists:

Below are a list of science disciplines and a corresponding website where you can find information about the discipline:

Chronobiology, you will need to register for this article


Select one of the disciplines or your teacher may assign one to you. Then, go to the site and find out more about it. Use what you learn to write a one-page description of the field that would inform someone who has no previous knowledge of what the discipline entails. In your description, answer the following questions:

  • What do people working in that field study?
  • Where do they work? What are some activities they perform?
  • What other disciplines is it closely related to?
  • To which broader category does the discipline belong? (Life Science, Physical Science, Earth Science, or Interdisciplinary, i.e., involving one or more of the above.)

If you're interested in learning more on this topic, check out a biography of a famous scientist, mathematician, or engineer from the library.

Knowledge Check

Reflect on some of the common elements of all the disciplines described by you and your classmates. Imagine that all of the descriptions will be chapters in a book called "What Do Scientists Do?" Write a one-page introduction to the book that describes the content of the book and answers this question: Which disciplines seem to be most related to each other and which study similar problems in different ways?

This esheet is a part of the What Do Scientists Do? lesson.

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