Learn more about organic chemistry by exploring hydrocarbons, the molecular basis of petroleum, and learning to distinguish between organic and inorganic compounds.
Begin by reading two articles:
As you read, consider these questions (you can write your answers to them on the What Are Hydrocarbons? student sheet. You will share your answers with the class.
- What does the term "organic" mean to chemists?
- What is an organic compound?
- How is the term "organic" used among farmers and food stores today?
- Why are carbon-based compounds lumped together as a separate subject within the study of chemistry?
- Is carbon a metal or a nonmetal?
- Carbon's atomic number is six. What does that tell us about any carbon atom?
- What is carbon's electron shell configuration?
- How many valence electrons does carbon have?
- Will carbon as an atom interact with other atoms to form ionic or covalent bonds?
- In order to fill its outer shell, how many bonds will carbon make?
- What are hydrocarbons?
- Are hydrocarbons organic or inorganic molecules? Why?
- Why can carbon form so many different types of compounds?
This esheet is a part of the Chemistry of Petroleum 1: What Are Hydrocarbons? lesson.