At the beginning of this lesson, you got to experience some of the difficulties faced by people who lack easy access to freshwater. Now you’ll do some research on the problem and possible solutions.
To understand the crisis of access to freshwater that is safe to drink in tropical and near-tropical societies and some possible solutions to the problem, you should conduct research using credible sources such as top level domains of educational, governmental, select non-governmental organizations, and other credible sources.
In your search, include your search term, such as “water stress”, and add a high-quality suffix from what is known as a top level domain—the three letters after “dot.” Starting with .gov and .edu are good choices. Of course, many excellent resources are .org—so don’t leave them out, but be discriminating. The same is true with .com. Of course, there is high-quality information on .com sites. But it can be hard to find and often is embedded in a proposal to sell you something.
Some reliable sources include:
- Water, The World Water Crisis
- Water First
- Freshwater Crisis
- Engineering Solutions: Water for All
- United Nations Africa Renewal
- United Nations Water for Life: Africa
- Facts about Water and Sanitation
- United Nations Global Issues: Water
- WHO Drinking Water
- International Year of Water Cooperation: Facts and Figures
- Water Scarcity and the Importance of Water
Follow the directions on your Rewriting the World Water Script student sheet for taking notes on your research. Once you've completed your research, you should write a report focusing on the freshwater crisis. Make sure you include information on roadblocks and possible solutions to the problem.
Once you have shared your report and identified key points as a group, choose one of the media formats listed on your student sheet to develop a plan for sharing your research in a new way.
Now you can draw inspiration for understanding problems and designing culturally-appropriate solutions by watching the Hippo Roller video and discussing a case study of improving freshwater access with the Hippo Roller Water Project.
After you’ve watched the video and read about the Hippo Roller, answer these questions on your Hippo Roller student sheet. Your teacher will discuss these questions with you as a class:
- How would you describe the Hippo Roller to a general audience?
- How would you describe it to a technical or a scientific audience?
- What problems does it solve?
- What problems might it create?
- For whom is it best suited?
- What’s missing from its design, in your opinion?
This esheet is a part of the Rewriting the World Water Script: Defining the Freshwater Access Crisis lesson.