In this lesson, you will read about some of the important figures and discoveries that have greatly advanced the study of human behavior since the early 1900s. After you have explored the online resources, you will discuss what you have learned with your class.
Begin by reading the introductory page A Science Odyssey: Human Behavior.
The following is a list of key figures of the 20th century whose work impacted on or changed the way we view human behavior or treat mental illness. Use the links provided on the A Science Odyssey: Human Behavior page to learn more about these individuals.
- Jean-Martin Charcot
- Charles Davenport
- Sigmund Freud
- Frieda Fromm-Reichmann
- Harry Harlow
- Abraham Maslow
- Ivan Pavlov
- Wilder Penfield
- B.F. Skinner
- Roger Sperry
- John Watson
Use the links provided at A Science Odyssey: Human Behavior to learn more about the following landmarks in the history of psychology and medical science.
- Freud's book, The Interpretation of Dreams, released
- Binet pioneers intelligence testing
- Watson launches behaviorist school of psychology
- Eugenics movement reaches its height
- 1923–1952: Piaget describes stages of cognitive development
- Moniz develops lobotomy for mental illness
- Electroshock therapy introduced
- Drug for treating schizophrenia identified
- 1972–1985: CT scan and MRI introduced
- Role of endorphins discovered
- Antidepressant Prozac introduced
- Search for behavioral genes
That's My Theory! is an amusing and informative online "game show" in which you have to guess which of the three disguised psychologists is the real Sigmund Freud (based on questions dealing with the personality, mind function, and the purpose of psychology)
In a brief essay, summarize in your own words what you believe is the key difference between how human behavior was viewed in 1900 and how it is viewed now.
This esheet is a part of the Mental Health 1: Human Behavior lesson.