Each culture has distinctive patterns of behavior, usually practiced by most of the people who grow up in it. The Chumash culture offers an example of how environment, technology, and culture are interrelated—and how each, and the relationships between each, changes over time. You will use the resources on this sheet to help you explore the interrelatedness of technology, culture, and environment as illustrated by the Chumash culture.


To get a better idea of where the Chumash people lived, go to the Chumash Indian Life site. Read the short amount of text on the page and then click on “Continue” at the bottom of the page. Then click on “Maps.” You will see a drop-down menu where you can choose the map you want to look at.

Look at the five maps related to the Chumash people:

  • Southern California and Channel Islands
  • The Chumash and Their Neighbors
  • Chumash Towns at the Time of European Settlement
  • Chumash Placenames of the Goleta Valley
  • Chumash Placenames along Mission Creek

Part I:
Go to the Chumash History page on the Wishtoya Foundation website. Read this page and answer the questions found in Part I of the Chumash student sheet.

Part II:
Go to Chumash Life. Scroll down to read the paragraph under the heading, “Chumash life was centered around the village.” Answer the questions found in Part II of the Chumash student sheet.

After you have answered those questions, go to 13,000 Years of Change Along the Central Coast. As you read through the timeline, you will see that the Chumash food-gathering techniques changed through the periods. Use the information from this timeline to fill in the table on your student sheet. Describe how the types of food collected, as well as how they were collected, changed over time. An example has been done for you.

This esheet is a part of the Environment, Technology, and Culture of the Chumash People lesson.

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