For those who live in highly industrialized countries, we use electricity everyday to take a hot shower, cook our food, watch TV, etc. Frequently, the energy sources that help generate this electricity are fossil fuels, which includes petrolium or oil. In this lesson, you will learn more about how much our society depends on petroleum products and how advances in technology have allowed us to find, obtain, and transport oil more efficiently.
See how oil and natural gas have changed how we live as a society.
Go to the Adventures in Energy website and read “Oil and Natural Gas in Your Life.” When exploring “Other Products You Use,” be sure to check out all the stores. They will appear across the top of the box once you’ve visited the first store. Consider these questions as you read this section (you can write your answers to these questions on the Adventures in Energy student sheet):
- What are oil and natural gas used for?
- What are some of the products that are made with oil?
- Our society has become so dependant on oil. What would be different in your life if there were no petroleum products?
- Do you know where oil and natural gas come from and how they get to us?
Back at the Adventures in Energy website, read the "What are Oil and Natural Gas?" section.
As you explore this part of the site, keep an eye on the fact box that pops up on the left. Be sure to use the arrows on the right to get to the end of each section before clicking the "next" button on the bottom of the screen.
Then read only the first section titled Exploration in the "Exploration and Production" module and answer these questions:
- How do we find clues for oil and natural gas sources from the sky?
- How does technology play a role on the ground in finding clues that there might be oil and gas underground?
- What are the benefits of technologies used off-site and on-site when searching for oil and natural gas?
Now read the entire module, "Transporting Oil to the Refinery."
As you make your way through the first section, History of Tankers, be sure to press the "more" button near the center of the screen to read all information under each date. Click the "next" button when you are finished.
As you read this module, answer the questions below. Look for instruction on buttons that will allow you to explore the site fully. For instance, under Tanker Designthere are squares to click on at the top of the screen.
- How is technology responsible for influencing transportation where oil is concerned?
- How is the technology of communications and information processing used where oil is concerned?
- Do you think oil is easily transported?
- How have modern day tankers helped reduce costs in obtaining oil?
Demonstrate how technology has changed the way oil is transported by making a diagram or drawing of two ships: one from 1885 and a modern day tanker. Be sure to use some text to describe the two ships. Go to the Adventures in Energy website to gather information as you do this exercise.
This esheet is a part of the Technology and Oil lesson.